What's Next?
RESIDENCY IN VISION THERAPY AND PEDIATRICS
at BOWERSOX VISION CENTER, PSC
SHELBYVILLE, KENTUCKY
affiliated with the
SOUTHERN COLLEGE OF OPTOMETRY
MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE

PROGRAM MISSION

The mission of the residency is to prepare optometrists to provide full-scope primary pediatric, vision therapy, and vision rehabilitation optometric care by providing post-graduate clinical experience beyond that provided in the Doctor of Optometry program, in a setting that promotes excellence in patient care, education and research.

Goal 1: Enhance the resident’s examination skills in optometric primary care with an emphasis on functional vision disorders

Objective: The resident will develop a high degree of efficiency in the provision of primary eye and vision care services, particularly focused on pediatrics, strabismus and amblyopia, vision related learning problems, vision therapy and vision rehabilitation.

Outcome: The resident will provide primary eye and vision care services involving a minimum of 1000 patient encounters, 30% of which will include obtaining a case history, performing a full functional/behavioral evaluation in addition to the routine optometric examination. These encounters will include but not be limited to: strabismus, amblyopia, binocular dysfunctions, accommodative dysfunctions, oculomotor dysfunctions, ADD/ADHD, autism spectrum and acquired brain injury

Measure: The resident will report the number of patient encounters of this type using the activity log.

Goal 2: Develop the resident’s expertise in vision therapy to a wide variety of patients.

Objective 1: The resident will determine vision therapy procedures and apply them appropriately as indicated for each patient.

Outcome: The resident will perform vision therapy on a wide variety of patients with a minimum of 500 patient encounters.

Measure: The resident will report on the number of patient encounters of this type using the activity log.


Goal 3: Expand the resident’s knowledge of binocular and developmental vision problems.

Objective 1: The resident will gain experience in managing patients with visual processing disorders and/or vision related learning disabilities.

Outcome: The resident will evaluate and manage a minimum of 100 patients with visual processing disorders and/or vision related learning disabilities.

Measure: The resident will report on the number of patient encounters of this type using the activity log.


Objective 2: The resident will gain experience in managing patients with accommodative dysfunction and/or non-strabismic disorders of binocular vision.

Outcome: The resident will evaluate and manage a minimum of 200 patients with accommodative dysfunction.

Measure: The resident will report on the number of patient encounters of this type using the activity log.


Objective 3: The resident will gain experience in managing patients with strabismus.

Outcome: The resident will evaluate and manage a minimum of 100 patients with strabismus.

Measure: The resident will report on the number of patient encounters of this type using the activity log.


Objective 4: The resident will gain experience in managing patients with patients with special needs.

Outcome: The resident will evaluate and manage a minimum of 100 of patients with special needs (autism spectrum, ADHD, ADD, or acquired brain injury, etc).

Measure: The resident will report on the number of patient encounters of this type using the activity log.


Goal 4: Strengthen the resident’s expertise in the diagnosis and management of refractive, physiological and pathological conditions of the eye, the adnexa, visual pathways and the central nervous system.

Objective 1: The resident will perform the appropriate procedures to determine a diagnosis. 

Outcome: The resident will consistently select and successfully perform the proper diagnostic procedures as indicated for each patient.

Measure: The resident will be evaluated quarterly by the supervisor to determine if the appropriate level of technical and cognitive ability is being exhibited. 

Objective 2: The resident will determine the correct diagnoses for each patient. 

Outcome: The resident will consistently select the correct diagnosis for each patient with increasing independence as the residency program progresses. 

Measure: The resident will be evaluated quarterly by the supervisor to assess the appropriateness of the resident’s diagnostic ability.


Objective 3: The resident will determine the best management based on the diagnoses. 

Outcome: The resident will consistently devise an appropriate management plan for each patient in order to best address the patient’s needs. 

Measure: The resident will be evaluated quarterly by the supervisor to assess the resident’s management skills.


Goal 5: Expand the resident’s knowledge of specialized diagnostic instrumentation.

Objective 1: The resident will develop expertise in the utilization of advanced ophthalmic diagnostic instrumentation to rule out ocular, systemic and neurological disease, and to demonstrate the functional nature of amblyopia.

Outcome: The resident will perform and/or interpret tests with advanced ophthalmic diagnostic instruments (Visagraph, OCT, electrodiagnostics, ophthalmic photography, and relevant laboratory and radiological procedures) on at least 75 patients.

Measure: The resident will report on the number of patient encounters of this type using the activity log.


Goal 6: Develop the resident’s skills in presenting topics to fellow professionals.

Objective: The resident will acquire and practice skills needed to effectively present information to other professionals in group settings. 

Outcome: The resident will present lectures during meetings of the clinic or other health care providers at least once per quarter. The resident will, when possible, also present posters or lectures in other settings such as the College of Optometrists in Vision Development, the American Academy of Optometry, SECO, AOA or other such meetings.

Measure: The resident will report monthly on these types of activities using the activity log.


Goal 7: Instill in the resident an appreciation of the importance of scholarly activity.

Objective: Educate the resident in the preparation of a professional manuscript.

Outcome: The resident will prepare at least one publication-quality manuscript on an approved topic. 

Measure: The resident will complete the manuscript by the designated completion date. The paper will be submitted for publication.


CURRICULUM

The educational objectives of the curriculum are intended to ensure attainment of the mission, goals, and objectives of the program. Consequently, each educational objective reflects a specific program goal. Specifically:


Program Goal 1

Objective: The resident will develop a high degree of efficiency in the provision of primary eye and vision care services, particularly in the area of pediatrics, strabismus and amblyopia, vision related learning problems, vision therapy and vision rehabilitation .

Learning Activity: The resident will provide primary eye and vision care services involving a minimum of 1000 patient encounters, 30% of which will include obtaining a case history, performing a full functional/behavioral evaluation in addition to the routine optometric examination. These encounters will include but not be limited to: strabismus, amblyopia, binocular dysfunctions, accommodative dysfunctions, ADD/ADHD, autism spectrum and acquired brain injury. 

Outcome: The resident will develop enhanced skills in the management of primary eye and vision care patients as mentioned above.


Program Goal 2 

Objective: The resident will develop a high degree of efficiency and skill in providing vision therapy services to a wide variety of patients.

Learning activity: The resident will perform vision therapy on a minimum of 500 patient encounters,

Outcome: The resident will become proficient in providing vision therapy services to a wide variety of patients in a private practice setting.

Program Goal 3

Objective: The resident will develop a high degree of efficiency and skill in providing vision therapy services to a wide variety of patients.The resident will become proficient in providing for patients with binocular and developmental vision problems.

Learning activity: The resident will perform vision therapy on a minimum of 700 patient encounters, The resident will provide services to: a minimum of 100 visits in children with vision related learning problems, 200 in patients with accommodative, binocular, convergence or oculomotor dysfunction, 100 in patients with strabismus, and / or amblyopia, and 100 in patients with autism spectrum, ADHD, or acquired brain injury.

Outcome: The resident will become proficient in providing vision therapy services to a wide variety of patients in a private practice setting.The resident will develop enhanced skills in the management of patients with binocular and developmental vision problems as mentioned above.

Program Goal 4

Objective: The resident’s expertise in the diagnosis and management of refractive, physiologic and pathologic conditions of the eye, the adnexa, visual pathways and central nervous system will be enhanced.

Learning Activity: The resident will provide services to a significant number of patients with refractive, physiologic and pathologic conditions of the eye and vision, particularly in areas of a functional/behavioral evaluation in addition to the routine optometric examination. The resident will formulate a diagnosis based on the results of the procedures performed. These encounters will include but not be limited to: strabismus, amblyopia, binocular dysfunctions, accommodative dysfunctions, oculomotor dysfunctions, visual-auditory integration dysfunctions, visual motor dysfunctions, visual perceptual dysfunctions, visual information processing problems, ADD/ADHD, autism spectrum, acquired brain injury from stroke, trauma, or neurological disease.

Outcome: The resident will become highly proficient in the performance and interpretation of basic and advanced ocular examination techniques on patients with complex ocular and vision anomalies and will attain advanced skills in the management of these patients

Program Goal 5

Objective: The resident will utilize a wide variety of diagnostic procedures and instrumentation while caring for patients.

Learning Activity: The resident will perform and/or interpret ophthalmic diagnostic tests that can include Visagraph, OCT, electrodiagnostics, ophthalmic photography, and relevant laboratory and radiological procedures

Outcome: The resident will develop advanced knowledge of specialized diagnostic procedures and instrumentation.

Program Goal 6

Objective: The resident will develop and present original presentations to other health care professionals.
 
Learning Activity: The resident will present at least one lecture per quarter to the clinic or another staff/group and when possible will present posters or lectures in other settings such as the College of Optometrists in Vision Development, the American Academy of Optometry, SECO, AOA and other such meetings.

Outcome: The resident will develop skills in providing effective presentations to health care professionals.

Program Goal 7

Objective: The resident will engage in scholarly activity. 

Learning Activity: The resident will prepare a publication-quality manuscript on an approved topic that will be reviewed and critiqued by the supervisor.
 
Outcome: The resident will develop an appreciation for scholarly activity and its importance to the profession. 


APPLICATION PROCEDURES

A. All applicants must complete the SCO application and return by January 30. Supporting documents should be submitted to the Director of Residency Programs of Southern College of Optometry no later than January 30. This program uses Optometry Residency Match (ORMatch). Applicants must complete the ORMatch application by the SCO deadline of January 30, to be considered. Applicants are responsible for ensuring that all supporting documentation is submitted to each entity involved, e.g., the College, ORMatch, and the residency site supervisor. 

In order to take part in the Match you must have passed NBEO Part I, Part II (PAM) and TMOD.
Those applying to a VA hospital or a state that does not require TMOD to obtain licensure are an exception if TMOD is not passed on first attempt.

B. Applicant must have earned an O.D. degree, or will have earned such a degree by the time of matriculation from a school/college of optometry accredited by the Accreditation Council on Optometric Education.

C. Applicant will furnish an official transcript from his/her school/college of optometry. An applicant should have a cumulative grade point average greater than 3.0 on a 4.0 scale in the professional optometric curriculum.

D. Applicant must pass all parts of the National Board of Examiners in Optometry examinations required for state licensure and furnish official transcripts when available. If accepted, the resident is expected to obtain a state optometry license.

E. Three letters of recommendation are required. 

The College affirms that no person shall be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity at or affiliated with Southern College of Optometry on the basis of race, color, creed, religion, gender, age, disability, or national origin.

LETTER OF INTENT

All applicants selected for admission must sign a standard letter of intent.

LENGTH OF RESIDENCY

13 months, July 1 – July 31.

LEAVE POLICY

The resident is eligible for thirteen days annual, sick, or personal leave. The resident is also eligible for 7 educational leave days to attend approved professional meetings. Annual and educational leave is granted with prior approval of the Supervisor in conjunction with the SCO Director of Residency Programs.

STATUS OF THE RESIDENT

A. The resident is defined as an employee of Bowersox Vision Center, PSC and the residency stipend is paid by Bowersox Vision Center, PSC. No tuition or fees are applicable.
B. The resident should apply for optometric license in Kentucky prior to the beginning of the residency.
C. Professional liability protection for residents for professional activity performed at Bowersox Vision Center, PSC is provided by Bowersox Vision Center, PSC. 
D. Residents will be required to present credentials according to the Southern College of Optometry policy for credentialing of residents.
E. Resident privileges will be determined by Bowersox Vision Center, PSC.

CRITERIA FOR COMPLETION OF RESIDENCY

A. The resident is required to deliver clinical services at a level that is satisfactory to the Residency Supervisor, the Residency Committee, Director of Residency Programs, and the SCO and Bowersox Vision Center, PSC. Normal clinic hours are from 9:00 A.M. until patient care is completed, usually around 6:00 P.M., Monday through Friday, except until 9:00 P.M. on Tuesdays. There may Saturday hours, but these are typically less than once per month. The resident will work a five-day week The resident is expected to be present in the clinic during all scheduled working hours, except when attending or delivering lectures or doing research. The resident will occasionally be required to be on call.
B. The resident is required to keep a record of patient contacts. The Supervisor of the Residency Program, the Director of Residency Programs, and the Residency Committee will review the resident’s activity periodically.
C. The resident is required to write a publication quality paper based on original research, literature review, or a clinical case.
D. The resident will be required to deliver an oral presentation at the annual Resident Weekend, held on the campus at SCO.
E. The resident is expected to perform in a professional manner in the delivery of patient care services and to observe those proprieties of conduct and courtesies that are consistent with the rules and regulations governing Bowersox Vision Center, PSC and Southern College of Optometry Residency Programs.
F. The resident is required to participate in and complete the requirements set forth in the curriculum.
G. Upon successful completion of the Residency Program, the Residency Supervisor and the Director of Residency Programs will recommend the granting of certification to the Vice President for Academic Affairs.
H. Any resident accepted for training can be dismissed, without receiving a certificate of completion, for infractions of the rules and regulations of Bowersox Vision Center, PSC or those set forth by Southern College of Optometry, or for any action which jeopardizes the safety of patients, personnel, or physical facilities.

STIPEND

A residency stipend will be provided for the year of training paid by the clinic. The stipend is currently $36,000. Compensation is not contingent upon productivity of the resident. Additional benefits such as FICA and professional liability insurance are also funded by the clinic. A $500 travel stipend is provided.

HEALTH INSURANCE

The resident will have the opportunity to purchase health insurance through Bowersox Vision Center, PSC. 

MOONLIGHTING POLICY

Moonlighting is defined as employment outside of the residency during the term of the residency. Moonlighting is permitted while enrolled as a resident in this program ONLY with prior approval of the program supervisor. Moonlighting is not permitted to interfere with or be substituted for any assigned residency activity.

ACCREDITATION

The residency program at Bowersox Vision Center, PSC will apply for accreditation by the Accreditation Council on Optometric Education, 243 N. Lindbergh Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63141, 314-991-4100, during the first year a resident is enrolled in this program.

CERTIFICATE OF COMPLETION

Upon satisfying all the requirements for completion of the program as determined by the Supervisor of the Residency Program and the Director of the Residency Programs, a Certificate of Completion will be awarded to the resident by Southern College of Optometry.

REPORTING STATUS

The resident reports to the Supervisor of the residency program. The Supervisor reports directly to the SCO Director of Residency Programs who in turn reports directly to the Vice President for Academic Affairs at Southern College of Optometry.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, PLEASE CONTACT:

Cheryl E. Ervin, O.D.
Director, Residency Programs
Southern College of Optometry
1245 Madison Avenue
Memphis, TN 38104
(901) 722-3201